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Referencing Guide: APA

Information on standardised methods to give credit to the source of your ideas in your work.

APA Referencing Style

The APA style was developed by the American Psychological Association. It is widely used in the sciences and social sciences. This guide elaborates on APA 6th edition, which is currently followed at Salesian College.

Tips for using APA

In-text citation:

Insert an in-text citation when using someone else’s work, for example:

  • when you directly quote someone else's work or
  • when you paraphrase someone else's work

The in-text citation consists of author surname(s)/family name(s), in the order that they appear on the actual publication, followed by the year of publication of the source that you are citing.

  • For direct quotes, make sure to include page or paragraph number. eg.(Weston, 1988, p. 45). Page numbers are not normally included when paraphrasing but may be included if desired. 

In-text citations are usually included in the word count of your document.

For citations in brackets with two authors the ‘&’ symbol is used. If the author citation forms part of your sentence the word ‘and’ must be used,  e.g. (White & Black, 2018) OR “White and Black (2018) indicate that…”

Reference List:

  • Arrange references in alphabetical order by the first word, which is usually an author's last or family name. Ignore A, An or The as first words of a title for the list order.
  • Electronic books -  The URL provided should be the website of the main publisher or provider. The Digital Object Identifier (DOI), is a string of numbers, letters and symbols used to permanently identify an article or document. A DOI will help your reader easily locate a document from your citation.

MS Word - Referencing with APA Style Video


APA Referencing

APA uses the author-date system. There are two parts to referencing: 

In-text citation: It consists mainly of the authors' last name and the year of publication (and page numbers if it is directly quoted) in round brackets and placed within the text. If there is no discernable author, the title and date are used.

Reference list: The reference list should be ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author of each work. References with no author are ordered in the reference list alphabetically by the first significant word of the title.